Many have argued that Donald Trump won the presidency because the political establishment ignored the plight of white working class Americans. Everyone from the far right to far left, including Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders, and Joe Biden has suggested that the Clinton campaign didn’t pay enough attention to this group’s legitimate economic grievances. A few astute analysts, however, have noted that the sympathetic focus on white America’s problems stands in stark contrast with conservatives’ lack of empathy for communities of color. Indeed, when African Americans protest against profound racial inequality–unequal conditions that are directly traceable to discriminatory governmental policies–they are often condemned by the right as “whiners” who should simply try harder to remedy their own situations. Such different portraits of white and non-white Americans’ grievances have their origins in what social psychologists call “ultimate attribution error.” This error means that when whites struggle, their troubles are generally attributed to situational forces (e.g., outsourcing); but when non-whites struggle, their plight is more often attributed to dispositional traits (i.e., poor work ethic). Consequently, whites are considered more deserving than blacks. To quantify this double standard in deservingness we embedded an experiment in a new HuffPost/YouGov survey….